CLASSPATH environment variable tells Java where to look for classes. Since Java does the search in a ''first-come-first-serve'' kind of manner, you'll have to take care where and what to put in your CLASSPATH. I, personally, never use the environment variable, since I'm working often on a project in different versions in parallel. The CLASSPATH would just mess up things, if you're not careful (or just forget to remove an entry). ANT offers a nice way for building (and separating source code and class files) Java projects.
But still, if you're only working on totally separate projects, it might be easiest for you to use the environment variable.
Setting the CLASSPATH
In the following we add the
mysql-connector-java-5.1.6-bin.jar to our
CLASSPATH variable (this works for any other jar archive) to make it possible to access MySQL Databases via JDBC.
We assume that the
mysql-connector-java-5.1.6-bin.jar archive is located in the following directory:
In the Control Panel click on System (or right click on This PC and select Properties) and then go to the Advanced tab. There you will find a button called Environment Variables, click it.
Depending on, whether you're the only person using this computer or it is a lab computer shared by many, you can either create a new system-wide (you are the only user) environment variable or a user dependent one (recommended for multi-user machines). Enter the following name for the variable
and add this value
If you want to add additional jars, you'll have to separate them with the path separator, the semicolon ; (no spaces!).
I assume, that the mysql jar is located in the following directory:
Open a shell and execute the following command, depending on the shell you're using:
- c shell
setenv CLASSPATH $CLASSPATH:/home/johndoe/jars/mysql-connector-java-5.1.6-bin.jar
Unix/Linux uses the colon : as path separator, in contrast to Windows, which uses the semicolon ;.
Note: the prefixing with
$CLASSPATH adds the mysql jar at the end of the currently existing
The process is like with Unix/Linux systems, but since the host system is Win32 and therefore the Java installation also a Windows application, you'll have to use the semicolon ; as separator for several jars.